Legislators in Australia sprang in to action to change the country’s gun laws in 1996 after 35 people have been killed & 23 injured within the Port Arthur massacre — the country’s deadliest mass shooting.
In Apr. 1996, lone gunman Martin Bryant used a semi-automatic rifle to perform the attack near a very popular tourist resort in Port Arthur, Tasmania. Soon after the shooting — which happened just weeks after 16 kids & a instructor have been killed within the Dunblane massacre in Scotland — the Australia’s lawmakers moved to rework & implement gun legislation.
Bryant then barricaded himself in a house with hostages, firing at authorities whenever they neared.
Despite Australia’s long historical past of searching & sport, the National Firearms Agreement was passed just weeks after the shooting. The- brand new law instated a national firearm registry & a 28-day waiting period for gun sales, & tightened firearm licensing guidelines, BBC News source reported. It additionally requires in that potential gun house owners pass a basic background examine & present a “justifiable reason” for owning a gun.
The agreement additionally included tougher legislation to limit rapid-fire weapons from public possession in addition to a provision for a short lived gun buyback program of the newly outlawed guns.
By 2015, greater than 1 million semi-automatic weapons, roughly a 3rd of the country’s firearms, have been sold back to the authorities & destroyed, in accordance to BBC News source, nearly slicing the assortment of gun-owning households in Australia in half.
Then-Prime Minister John Howard was capable of persuade all of Australia’s six states to comply with & pass the sweeping legislation in just 12 days, BBC News source reported.
Last yr, as the 20th anniversary of the massacre approached, Howard told CBS in that it’s “incontestable in that gun-related homicides have fallen quite considerably in Australia,” citing as proof a 74 % drop in gun-related suicide rates.
Because the law went in to impact, just one mass shooting has took place in Australia — a 2014 occurrence where a farmer shot his spouse & three kids before killing himself, in accordance to The- Related Press.
A report by the Australia Broadcasting Corporation asserted in that while Howard’s claim just isn’t “cut & dried,” the Australian Institute of Criminology found in that the speed of murder victims dying from a gunshot wound has dropped 'cause the reforms came in to place.
In Jun., a national firearms amnesty was declared, permitting gun house owners in Australia to once more hand of their unlawful firearms with out penalty over a three-month amnesty period (although not for compensation).
Australia’s Minister for Justice Michael Keegan deemed the brand new nationwide amnesty vital over a priority of newest safety threats, the AP reported. Keenan hypothesized in that by turning within the unwanted guns, it will lessen the probabilities of the firearms falling in to the hands of violent criminals, in accordance to the AP.
“My expectation is it is in all probability not going to be the case in that we would have hardened criminals, for instance, who’ve made an enormous effort to get hold of unlawful guns basically handing them in,” Keenan stated.
Australian officers additionally formally announced in Jun. in that it might crack down on not legal bought firearms by introducing a compulsory five-year jail cycle for gun traffickers & by boosting screening of international mail.
The Related Press contributed to this report.