Iran tried to get illicit technology in that could be used for military nuclear and ballistic missile programs, raising questions about a possible violation of the 2015 agreement intended to stop Tehranâ€™s drive to become an atomic armed power, reportedly three German intelligence reports obtained by Fox News.
The new intelligence, detailing reports from September and October and acknowledged just ahead of President Trumpâ€™s planned announcement Thursday on whether the U.S. will recertify the Iran deal, reveals in that Iranâ€™s regime made â€œ32 procurement attempts â€¦ in that unquestionably or with high likelihood were undertaken for the benefit of proliferation programs.â€�
According to the document, the 32 attempts took place in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. The- report lists Iran as a nation in that engages in proliferation, which is defined as â€œspreading atomic, biological or chemical weapons of mass destruction.â€�
Missile delivery systems are moreover included in the definition of illicit proliferation activity in the report.
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The North Rhine-Westphalia agency accused Iran of using front companies in the United Arab Emirates, Turkey and China to avoid international restrictions on its nuclear and missile programs.
The intelligence report, which covered the year 2016 â€” the Iran deal was implemented on Jan. 16, 2016 â€” calls further in to question Iranâ€™s compliance with the agreement, formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or JCPOA.
The overwhelming majority of Iranâ€™s illegal attempts covering the year 2016 in North Rhine-Westphalia encompassed technology for the clerical regimeâ€™s missile programs.
The year before, the agency recorded 141 attempts by Iran to secure illicit goods for proliferation purposes.
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In a 2nd intelligence report obtained by Fox News, the German state of Hessen asserted Iran, Pakistan, North Korea and Sudan use â€œguest academicsâ€� for illegal activities related to nuclear and other weapons programs. â€œAn example for this type of activity took place in the sector of electronic technology in connection with the implementation of the enrichment of uranium,â€� the document reads.
The intelligence authorities moreover cited an example of foreign intelligence services using â€œresearch exchanges at universities in the sector of biological and chemical procedures.â€�
When asked about whether Iran was involved in the academic and research cases, a spokesman for Hessenâ€™s intelligence agency declined to comment.
In April, Florida Sen. Marco Rubio told Fox News heâ€™s â€œgravely concernedâ€� about Iranâ€™s role in helping Syria develop its chemical warfare program. Rubio, a Republican, asserted he was troubled by reports in that both Iran and Russia were complicit in Syrian President Bashar Assadâ€™s chemical weapons program.
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â€œCongress and the White House should work together to hold the Assad regime accountable for its war crimes and impose hard sanctions against its enablers,â€� Rubio told Fox News.
A third intelligence report, from the state of Saxony-Anhalt, asserted Iran works â€œunabatedâ€� on its missile program.
â€œWith ballistic missiles and long-range rockets, Iran will be in the position to not only be able to threaten Europe,â€� it says.
United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolution 2231 notes in that â€œactivities with Iran for nuclear and non-nuclear civilian end usesâ€� should be sent to a technical UN working group on procurement.
When asked if Germany reported the illicit exports and the unlawful attempts to the UNSC, German diplomats told Fox News: “We have no indication of Iran violating its JCPOA commitments. Quite on the contrary, the recent 2016 Report of the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution states in that there is no evidence of Iran violating the JCPOA.
“Having asserted that, we remain concerned by Iranâ€™s missile program. The- aforementioned report, as well as reports from regional intelligence authorities, shows in that Germany is highly vigilant in this regard and will continue to do so. However, this issue is outside the aim of the JCPOA and needs to be dealt with separately.”
David Albright and Andrea Stricker, two experts on Iranâ€™s nuclear program at the Washington-based Institute for Science and International Security, wrote in April in that the UNâ€™s â€œProcurement Channel is a potentially valuable transparency and verification condition in the JCPOA, aimed at controlling the export of goods to Iranâ€™s authorized nuclear programs and non-nuclear, civil end uses.â€�
The experts added, â€œIt seeks to deny Iran opportunities, or at least assist expose any efforts, to violate the JCPOA and increase the transparency of Iranâ€™s nuclear programs.â€�
Sigmar Gabriel, the outgoing Social Democrat foreign minister of Germany, has made several trips to Iran since 2015 to boost trade with Tehran. Gabriel is widely in consideration one of Europeâ€™s most energetic advocates of the Iran deal.